History has shown that the only structures that overcome time are those carved in stone. In Romania, the most important source of marble is the Rușchița deposit. Due to its grandeur and vastness, this marble career can rival with any other one in Europe. Having been exploited for a hundred years, the field produces marble that has come to pass in time and can be found in various constructions from cities all around the world.
Every piece of marble is unique, unrepeatable. The marble of Rușchița is of a crystalline variety, with a diverse color, ranging from white to pink. A hiker in the Mountains of Poiana Ruscă can witness the overturning of a giant marble panel, weighing about 800 tons.
Location – Where can Rușchița Marble be found?
The marble is extracted from Rușchița, a village in the county of Caraş-Severin, situated about 10 kilometers from the town of Rusca Montană. The place of exploitation of the marble is crossed by two rivers: centrally by “Pârâul cu Raci” and in the west by “Pârâul Padeșului” River. The union of the two formed the Rușchița River.
The different colors of the Marble of Rușchița
This type of marble comes in different shades: from white to gray, to pink and even yellow. This geographical area favors the appearance of colors such as white, gray and pink.
In the upper area of the quarry there a vast gray gradient can be observed, along with many types of other materials, such as: quartz, graphite, pyrite, magnetite. White marble is present in the central part of the quarry and pink marble is located soutn, often appearing in slices.
Buildings, monuments and works of art
This type of marble has contributed to the construction of many monuments, such as the imposing buildings of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, such as the Vienna Bank Palace. Also, the Ruschita Marble played an important role in the restoration of the Cathedral of Milan. Some examples of other glorious buildings that benefit from this special marble are: the Parliament of Budapest, the Palace of Parliament in Bucharest, the new wing of the Otopeni Airport / Henry Coanda Airport, the Constanta County Library, the Museum of Contemporary Art, the Arad Cathedral, the Palace of Justice, the Palace of Telephones, “Casa Capșa”, Casino Hotel Marriott, Villa of the Sultan of Brunei, Monte Carlo Villa of the former Formula One pilot Michael Schumacher. Last but not least, the eagle in the White House Oval Office, an important symbol for the Americans, was carved in white marble extracted from Rușchița.
The negative effects of marble exploitation
The Rusca Montană locality had an ambitious, interesting development because of its industrial potential. More than 5 years ago, tourism has begun to face obstacles due to abandoned mines in the area. Exploitation of the marble from the natural landscape of Rușchița was also severely affected, which was reflected in the deterioration of the ecosystems and the surrounding areas. In this sense, implementing real solutions to help the ecosystem and protect the environment and the inhabitants of the area are an absolute necessity. Within BrownStone, we advocate for this goal. We are aware of the value of the natural resources on our territory and the importance of protecting them and exploiting in moderation.